The most important challenges for agriculture in Åland relate to the insular conditions and the low profitability of the agricultural sector resulting from the cold climate and the soil layer that is often shallow. The negative environmental impacts of agriculture include the eutrophication of water bodies, the deterioration of natural habitats and the reduction of species. Its positive environmental impacts are seen as increased biodiversity, open agricultural landscapes and versatile cultural environments. The aim of the Rural Development Programme (LBU programme) is to maintain and develop valuable open, cultivated agricultural and insular landscapes. The programme seeks to reduce the adverse environmental impacts of agriculture on surface waters, soil and air by promoting the use of environmentally friendly methods and creating optimal growing conditions.
Objective of the measure:
To reduce impacts by taking measures to prevent direct or indirect emissions into waters. This can mean flexible wetlands, integrated buffer zones that prevent emissions in drainage water and run-off waters, reduced and more efficient fertilisation, green cropping, etc. Environmental guidance helps to target the most effective measures at sensitive water areas in order to prevent emissions of substances that cause eutrophication and/or emissions of other harmful substances.